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What Keeps Peeling Back My New Lawn?

Updated on November 5, 2017
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Catherine is a California certified nursery professional. Her interests are birds, insects, integrated pest management, & organic gardening.

On the way out to get the morning paper, you stop dead in your tracks and stare open-mouthed at the disturbing sight of your new lawn. What happened? Did vandals roll back and rearrange the sod that was perfect yesterday? Not quite! Instead, it was the handiwork of nocturnal hunters with ringed tails and bandit's masks: mischievous raccoons. They favor the fat, white beetle larvae under our lawns: the common grub.

Mischievous Raccoons

Raccoons are no strangers to the gardens and attics of North America.

The raccoon gets its name from Native American culture. The Proto-Alonquian root ahrah-koon-em means one who rubs, scrubs, & washes with its hands.

These nocturnal hunters are fearless and often move around in loose groups, each foraging independently. This lack of shyness furthers their aggressive behavior. Equipped with strong razor-sharp claws, they can get around most deterrents to enter home attics by tearing off roof shingles and fascia boards as well as prying metal covers off vents like soda can pop-tops! These claws also facilitate digging, shredding fish, and peeling back sod in search of grubs and worms.

Habits of Raccoons

The raccoon's peak breeding season is March-April. After a 2 month gestation, the female usually has 2-3 kits which join in the food foraging by 8-12 weeks. In the wild, the average life span is 2-3 years. Raccoons find shelter during the day in wood piles, under houses, in attics and under-hangs, sheds, and storm drains. They come out at night in search of food: fruits, insects, nuts, slugs, grubs, fish, and pet food. Foraging raccoons often travel in groups of 3 and are very territorial. To prevent them from claiming your yard, be on the lookout for coarse textured feces which they often deposit in numerous areas. Vigilant removal will dissuade them from staying long.

Raccoons are extremely sensitive to touch, smell and sound. This makes them adept hunters. A raccoon can both hear and smell earthworms as well as feel their vibrations underground! They are also very intelligent, able to remember cognitive challenges and problem solving for as long as three years. No wonder they are hard to deter!

Raccoons Are Cute But Dangerous

Raccoons may look cute and cuddly, but they are not.Their aggressiveness and sharp claws speak for themselves, and they are especially dangerous when cornered. Shouting, stomping one's feet, and waving one's arms is the best way to scare one off. A good blast of water will do the trick too.

There may be exceptions, but all raccoons are known to carry dangerous parasites in their feces which can infect other animals and humans through either inhalation or direct contact. Wear gloves and filtration masks when cleaning nesting sites in attics, etc. Parasites can continue to live in the soil for several months. In spite of their mischief, raccoons still serve as good scavengers for slugs and snails. They are very efficient at garden pest control and should not be a problem with occasional visits. Watch them from your windows, but don't feed them treats. They are not shy about coming close and don't fear cameras. It's wise to keep the kids and pets back.

Practical Controls For Raccoons

  • Bring pet food in at night.
  • Place rocks on top of outdoor trash cans or use tightly sealed containers.
  • Use Metal flashing to prevent climbing on siding and trees.
  • Cover overhang entry points and nesting areas with hardware cloth.
  • Make sure chimneys have spark arrestors to deter entry into home.
  • Consider built-in rock shelters in fish ponds for goldfish and koi.

Metal Flashing Prevents Climbing

In addition to tree trimming, the attachment of metal flashing to wood siding and around trees will prevent the raccoons from climbing to reach rooftops, eaves, attics, and other attractive nesting sites. The clever use of cleaning brushes keeps them from climbing downspouts and walking along rain gutters.

Source

Bird Netting and Lawn Staples:

Smelly things like cayenne, blood meal, coyote urine, and mothballs may bother them but not enough to call an end to the nightly quest for food. However, raccoons are afraid of walking on unstable areas or getting their paws entangled. The most effective deterrent in my experience is plastic bird-netting secured with lawn staples.

  • It is easy to cut with scissors.
  • It is not necessary to cover the entire lawn area, just the point of entry or lawn perimeter.
  • It is easy to find at most garden centers.
  • The netting comes prepackaged in 14'x14' or 7'x21' sizes. It is also available in bulk rolls for very large problem areas. The netting is best secured every 12"-18" with a 6" garden staple. These come in packs of 10 or in bulk boxes of 100.

Combining Methods For Optimum Control

The use of netting with a cayenne based product like Critter Ridder or a turf pest insecticide is an effective one-two punch for deterring foraging raccoons.

A granular insecticide which targets these beetle larvae will eliminate the grub population, so raccoons will move on. These products contain imidicloprid or cyfluthrin and do not harm earthworms. Both ,however, are thought to negatively affect honey bee populations. Follow application directions carefully and don't apply more often than suggested.

A completely organic option for grub eradication is the use of a bio-control. Either beneficial nematodes or milky spore can be easily applied through a hose-end sprayer. These items can be purchased on-line or ordered through retailers and shipped directly to you.

Easy to apply organic solution to lawn grubs:

Raccoons are part of our native fauna, and they are very helpful in keeping other garden pests in check. Respect them from a distance, discourage both nesting and feeding in urban settings by following these tips, and use safe forms of control when they get out of hand on their nocturnal forages in your garden.

© 2012 Catherine Tally

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    • cat on a soapbox profile image
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      Catherine Tally 4 years ago from Los Angeles

      Hello FlourishAnyway,

      I 've got to admit that I have a soft spot for injured animals! In your situation, I'd discourage the foraging in my ornamentals and lawn but cut a little slack in garden beds and allow your disabled visitor to hunt for slugs and other nuisance pests. I really believe in compromise when living close to wildlife without giving in to feeding treats, etc. Thank you for dropping by to read and comment. I really appreciate it!

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 4 years ago from USA

      Good hub that we will be putting to practical use. We have a disabled raccoon (three good legs, one healed back leg and a partial tail) that has been visiting our deck scrounging for food. He looks at me each night through the window.

    • cat on a soapbox profile image
      Author

      Catherine Tally 4 years ago from Los Angeles

      Wombats are so chubby and cute! (The only marsupials we have are possums.) I 've read that wombats like to dig and burrow while looking for roots, etc. I imagine that could get very frustrating to a gardener! Similar nuisances here would be gophers and moles.

      Thank you for your interesting comments. Glad you stopped by!

      Cat:)

    • LongTimeMother profile image

      LongTimeMother 4 years ago from Australia

      I occasionally have a similar problem with wombats digging up my garden. Fortunately there's no danger of them ever reaching the attic ... but they have been known to excavate new basements under people's houses. lol.

    • cat on a soapbox profile image
      Author

      Catherine Tally 5 years ago from Los Angeles

      Hi D.A.L. Thank you for the interesting comments! Raccoons have become a real nuisance due to urban sprawl and the plentiful pickings of petfood and garbage. Badgers are probably more selective which I would think makes them helpful for rodent control but a nightmare for poultry farms:) I'm glad you stopped by!

    • D.A.L. profile image

      Dave 5 years ago from Lancashire north west England

      Hi, as a fellow naturalist I found this hub fascinating and very informative. Obviously we do not have Raccoons in the UK , I suppose the European badger would be the animal that would inflict that type of damage over here. Thank you for sharing.

    • Mhatter99 profile image

      Martin Kloess 5 years ago from San Francisco

      Thank you for sharing this. A gang of 4 raccoons have taken over my block on Monday nights. We are trying to encourage people not to take there garbage cans out until Tuesday morning.

    • cat on a soapbox profile image
      Author

      Catherine Tally 5 years ago from Los Angeles

      Hello kashmir :) Thank you so much ! I really appreciate your checking out my newest hubs and giving me such positive feedback. My best to you.

    • kashmir56 profile image

      Thomas Silvia 5 years ago from Massachusetts

      This is a great and very informative hub on raccoons, and i agree with you raccoons are cute but dangerous . Well done !

      Vote up and more !!! SHARING !

    • cat on a soapbox profile image
      Author

      Catherine Tally 5 years ago from Los Angeles

      Hi thooghun,

      Yeah, I 'd say that raccoons wouldn't want to work that hard ! Glad you dropped by- thank you for your positive comment. :)

    • thooghun profile image

      James D. Preston 5 years ago from Rome, Italy

      I live in the center of a densely populated city -- on the third floor of an apartment complex. After having read this article I know feel surprisingly safe :D Great hub!

    • cat on a soapbox profile image
      Author

      Catherine Tally 5 years ago from Los Angeles

      Hi moonlake,

      Raccoons go after newly planted sod for the most part but can still peel it back for several months. As annoying as they can be, I find comfort in visits from them. They keep the snails away and at least they don't stink like skunks-lol. Thank you for dropping by to read and comment. :)

    • cat on a soapbox profile image
      Author

      Catherine Tally 5 years ago from Los Angeles

      Hi DzyMsLizzy :) Thank you! I always enjoy your comments and appreciate your dropping by. My garden is teeming w/ lizards right now, and the tiniest ones scurry every which way when I water. Thankfully, I never see snakes in my yard! I always stomp to anounce my presence and give them time to shoo. All the best to you.

    • moonlake profile image

      moonlake 5 years ago from America

      We have had raccoons but I never knew they tore up the lawn this way. We had raccoons trying to get into the trash last night. Their always around here no way to get rid of them. They are cute but I wouldn't get near one. Voted uP!

    • DzyMsLizzy profile image

      Liz Elias 5 years ago from Oakley, CA

      Agreed! Raccoons can be dangerous, despite their appealing appearance. However, I love your nature-friendly control suggestions--discourage without harm. All animals have their place in nature, including the ones we don't care for.

      For me, that includes reptiles of all kinds--but just because I don't like them, doesn't mean I don't understand their place in the greater scheme of things. I simply leave them alone and avoid places where I might come across any.

      Voted up, useful, interesting, awesome and shared.