How to Stop Woodpeckers from Damaging Your House

hungry male baby downy woodpecker
hungry male baby downy woodpecker | Source

Why Do Woodpeckers Peck on Houses?

If you have ever been awakened by a woodpecker banging away at your house, you know the frustration that can bring. We have a metal chimney pipe that apparently makes an amazing sound to a woodpecker. Every spring they enjoy hammering away at it. I don’t mind that so much as I do when they decide to use my wood siding for their rat-tat-tatting!

First, you must realize that woodpeckers are not damaging your house or interrupting your sleep because they have a personal vendetta against you. There’s a reason behind this apparent assault on your senses, especially early in the morning. In fact, there could be several reasons. Once you know them, you will be better able to apply the proper solution.

young female hairy woodpecker
young female hairy woodpecker | Source

Why Are Woodpeckers Trying to Destroy My House and/or My Sanity?

To Attract a Mate

To Establish a Territory

To Make a Cavity for a Nest

To Find Food

Woodpeckers Have No Songs to Sing

Since woodpeckers do not have a song to sing that will capture the heart of a prospective mate, they do what comes naturally—they become hammerheads! A woodpecker has a reinforced skull that also has been outfitted with essential padding to cushion its brain. Pecking away at 20 times per second you can easily see how they could give themselves a major migraine, if not a concussion, without such natural protection.

Their natural targets are trees, of course, but any tall object will do. It doesn’t even need to be wood, as my metal chimney pipe can attest. Utility poles are another good drumming surface. This banging sound will echo and be heard for very long distances. If there are potential mates around, this form of communication is no fail.

Pileated Woodpecker Call

Woodpeckers Do Have Calls

Woodpeckers do have calls that they use along with the drumming on surfaces. Those calls consist of ‘pit-pit’ or ‘chick-chick’, sometimes high pitched, depending upon the circumstances. I have a red-bellied woodpecker that comes swooping in on the bird feeders, while uttering its loud and high-pitched ‘chick-chic’ call. It’s like he’s saying “gang way, here I come”! This strategy is very effective as all the other birds scatter before it.

Another very important reason for woodpeckers to bang on surfaces is to establish their territory.

They fly from tree to tree; hammering on each one to make sure any would-be interlopers know they are not to cross certain lines. Each tree will make a different sound which will create a kind of musical chart, if you will. This chart is revisited daily, often many times a day especially in the spring when territories and mates are most important.

Red-Bellied Woodpecker

Woodpeckers are natural cavity nesters.

The wood on your house is no different to this bird than a tree would be, so it is a potential nesting spot. With all the urban development and loss of natural habitat, woodpeckers take what they can get in order to survive. Normally a dead tree or ‘snag’ would serve this bird’s purpose very well. However, most people don’t like to have unsightly, and perhaps dangerous, dead trees around their property. Well you can see the problems arise, as always, when humans and animals are forced into the same habitat.

Food sources like insects and their larvae reside in wood, even sometimes in your wood siding.

If a woodpecker continues to peck at the same spot, especially when it isn’t springtime, then you may have an infestation. These birds can sense the vibrations bugs and their babies set up in the wood. Equipped with barbed tongues up to 4” long, woodpeckers are able to reach into holes or under bark and easily latch onto their meals. Continual drumming in the same spot should have you consulting the yellow pages for a professional exterminator. At the very least they can determine if carpenter bees or some other insects are indeed present in your wood. In that case, you have the woodpecker to thank for the alert!

Okay, so now we know why these drummers do what they do, what can we do to stop them?

These are my recommendations for natural and non-toxic remedies to your woodpecker problem:

  1. Depending upon where on your house the damage is occurring, try a natural non-toxic spray repellent. These repellents taste and smell bad to a woodpecker.

2. Again depending on the position of the damage and how easily accessible it is for you, there are netting products that can be draped across the area in question.

3. Consider installing a woodpecker nesting box right over the place that is being damaged. Consult a bird identification guide to determine what size nesting box would be appropriate.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
adult female hairy woodpeckerback of downy woodpeckerQuite a difference in size between this red-bellied woodpecker and the much smaller gold finch!
adult female hairy woodpecker
adult female hairy woodpecker | Source
back of downy woodpecker
back of downy woodpecker | Source
Quite a difference in size between this red-bellied woodpecker and the much smaller gold finch!
Quite a difference in size between this red-bellied woodpecker and the much smaller gold finch! | Source

Where I live, there are 3 different woodpeckers that come to my bird feeders year round: hairy, downy and red-bellied. I use a particular pneumonic to help me remember which is which between the hairy and downy woodpeckers, because they both have the same black and white markings; the males both have a red patch on either the back or top of their heads; but are different sizes. That is: hairy=huge compared to downy, which is dainty.

The red-bellied woodpecker has black and white on its wings, red on its head and the back of its neck, and a hint of red on its stomach; and it is large. All woodpeckers have different nest box needs.

Downy Woodpecker with a Sweet Tooth!  She loves oriole nectar.
Downy Woodpecker with a Sweet Tooth! She loves oriole nectar. | Source

4. This never fails for me. Add a suet feeder and keep it filled year round. They now have no-melt suet, which is safe for use in warmer weather. Magically my woodpecker woes disappear when I supply them with suet. A jelly feeder and/or mealworm feeder never hurts either. Woodpeckers really do have a sweet tooth and can taste sweetness. They regularly visit my oriole nectar feeder and the hummer feeder that has a larger perching area.

5. As a last resort you can hang shiny mylar strips near the area where woodpeckers are pecking. Shiny objects that move with the wind unpredictably will help deter their efforts and encourage them to move on. Those fake owls and hawks—save your money--woodpeckers soon learn they are not real.


Poplars are popular with Woodpeckers because of the soft wood.
Poplars are popular with Woodpeckers because of the soft wood. | Source
pileated woodpecker
pileated woodpecker | Source

I know that my woodpeckers are constantly patrolling the woods nearby. In this way they are protecting the environment from onslaughts of unwanted insect infestations. Leaving at least ten dead trees per acre is advised to help woodpeckers with their natural habitat. Living from 4 years up to an astonishing 11 years, they can eliminate a lot of bugs in their lifetimes! So I can live with my springtime chimney pipe concerts!

Insecticide use is one of the largest threats to our woodpecker populations because they eliminate their natural food sources. The other problem is loss of dead trees in which to nest and forage for food. In my woods I have many poplar trees. These are beloved by the largest woodpecker in North America—the Pileated Woodpecker.

The males arrive early in the spring and begin ‘calling’ for a mate. They don’t have a song, per se, but a very distinctive call. If you checked out the first video above, you'll know exactly what I mean! It is said that 'Woody Woodpecker' of cartoon fame was loosely modeled after a pileated woodpecker. I have also heard that the famous cartoon Woody's crazy call was inspired by the pileated woodpecker. I just think they are a very cool looking and sounding bird!

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Do You Have Any Other Natural Ways to Stop Woodpecker Damage? 10 comments

billybuc profile image

billybuc 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

Great information! We have one who has decided our yard is his yard, but so far he has left the house alone; he's much happier with the fir tree, thankfully. If he should change his diet I'll be giving you a call. :)

grandmapearl profile image

grandmapearl 3 years ago from Southern Tier New York State Author

Hi Billy! Thanks for the kind words and great comment. So glad your woodpecker is behaving himself, so far. You always manage to provide me with a good chuckle, which is most appreciated this morning! Thanks for stopping by and commenting, my friend. Pearl

Eiddwen profile image

Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales

I have one of these beautiful birds visiting our bird table and this wonderful hub has taught me so many facts I didn't know.

Brilliant work as always .

Here's to so many more hubs for us both to share on here.

I vote across(minus funny) up/share.


aviannovice profile image

aviannovice 3 years ago from Stillwater, OK

I had a woodpecker that used to drum on the side of my house in Maine. I gave him a metal pie plate with foam padding. He was happy and so was I.

shiningirisheyes profile image

shiningirisheyes 3 years ago from Upstate, New York

Great job Grandma Pearl. As you know, we are neighbors and I wonder if the same little fella who has decided to call our laundry pole home as well.

I guess they are appropriately named huh?

grandmapearl profile image

grandmapearl 3 years ago from Southern Tier New York State Author

Hi Irish! Thanks so much for stopping by and commenting. Hey, ya know it could be the very same little guy. I guess they get tired of pecking away at wood --everybody needs a change now and then! Or maybe the lady woodpeckers really love that heavy metal music? It's always fun when you visit! Pearl

grandmapearl profile image

grandmapearl 3 years ago from Southern Tier New York State Author

Hi Eddy! So glad you stopped by and commented on the woodpeckers. I really do enjoy these birds because I know they are taking care of all those bugs that do damage! I'm glad you enjoyed this, and thank you so much for the voted and share. They are all very much appreciated.


grandmapearl profile image

grandmapearl 3 years ago from Southern Tier New York State Author

Hi Deb! What a clever solution! I love it. We have to get creative when it comes to wildlife, don't we? Thanks for stopping by, and for the great comment.

pstraubie48 profile image

pstraubie48 3 years ago from sunny Florida

This is very interesting, Pearl...The woodpecker photos are gorgeous. I have one who comes to visit a dead tree in my yard. He doesn't come to often and doesn't stay long. thank goodness I do not have a problem with him pecking on my house. Thanks for sharing this with us.

Angels are on the way :) ps

grandmapearl profile image

grandmapearl 3 years ago from Southern Tier New York State Author

pstraubie, thank you for your interesting comments. I'm very glad your woodpeckers behave themselves! So far this season none of mine have used my metal chimney, which is nice. I can hear a pileated woodpecker in the woods around me every day, but so far have not caught sight of him or her. My red-bellied woodpeckers use a very tall dead tree as a sounding board and mate caller!

Thanks so much for your visit and for the Angels, my friend ;) Pearl

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