A Japanese Holly Tree is a popular type of bonsai that is often sold as an indoor plant. Yes, it is possible to be successful growing a Japanese Holly indoors, although these plants very much prefer to be grown outdoors.
Although they do seem to do surprisingly well in low light conditions, they have a strong need to be outside and experience the seasonal changes. Specifically, the Japanese Holly needs to experience the cold of winter to really flourish during the remainder of the year.
So yes, it is possible to grow a Japanese Holly Tree indoors, although it is fairly difficult. If you do attempt this, consider placing the plant outdoors during the winter so it gets that exposure it needs. This plant is fairly hardy and will handle cold winters well, although severe frost can still cause damage so it should be taken indoors if frost is expected.